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VISA and Employment Opportunities | Study In USA43 min read

By July 11, 2020July 16th, 2020No Comments

VISA and Employment Opportunities in USA

1. How to apply for US Student VISA

Once you’ve been accepted, you will need to apply for your visa and schedule your interview. Generally, for undergraduate and graduate programs, international students require an F1 visa.

1.Request I- 20

The first step in the process is to request I-20s from universities that you’d like to attend. Typically, these universities will expect you to make this decision by the stated deadline or April 15.

2. Finalize I-20

Next, finalize one I-20 for your visa application 

3. Pay the SEVIS i-901 fee:

The US government requires all international students to pay the SEVIS fee when applying for their visa. For F1 students, the fee is $350. 

4. Fill the visa application DS-160:

It is the non-immigrant application form for temporary travel to the US. Once you’ve filled the form, be sure to print out the confirmation page with the DS-160 barcode number on it. 

5. Pay the application fees and schedule your visa appointment:

For F1 students, you will be required to pay a fee of $160, known as the MRV fee. You will then need to schedule your visa appointment. You will schedule 2 appointments – Biometrics and visa interview. Make sure you do this well in advance, as the wait time to receive an appointment, changes on a weekly basis, depending on the incoming workload. You cannot schedule your visa appointment and interview on the same day. You need to attend the interview the day after the visa appointment. 

6. Biometrics:

On the day of the appointment, be sure to carry your i-901 SEVIS payment confirmation, DS-160 confirmation page, application fee payment number, passport, a photograph, and your I-20. You will then be called for fingerprinting and to have your photograph taken. 

7. Visa interview:

The visa interview will only last for a couple of minutes, where the interviewer will question you as to your intentions of traveling to the US and your plans for study. Be sure to answer honestly and confidently. 

For more information please visit https://www.ustraveldocs.com/in/.  Galvanize guides you through each step of the visa application process and even helps you prepare by means of a mock visa interview, to train you in the best way to answer frequently asked questions.

An F1 visa is issued to students to pursue their higher education in the US. This is issued after ensuring that the student has sufficient financial resources to fund his/her education. It can be issued up to 120 days before the start date of your course. 

CPT is the Curricular Practical Training program that allows students to gain practical experience directly related to their field of study before they graduate. This can be in the form of paid or unpaid internships, but it must be related to a curriculum. However, note that if you work full-time ion CPT for 12 months, you will not be eligible for OPT.OPT is the Optional Practical Training program offered to F-1 visa students to allow them temporary employment related to their field of study for a period of 12 months after graduation. STEM students receive an additional 24-month extension on their OPT.

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2. What are the employment opportunities in the US? When should you begin searching for a job?

What are the employment opportunities in the US? When should you begin searching for a job?

An F-1 student could work 20-hours per week on campus during the school year, and 40-hours per week on campus during vacation. One of the features that attracts International students to the US is the opportunity to work in their field.

Students can utilize both Curricular Practical Training (CPT) as well as Optional Practical Training(OPT) privileges to work off campus after receiving appropriate authorization. To seek employment further to this, individuals apply for an H1B visa. 

An H1B visa is issued to employees who seek temporary employment in the US. The H-1B visa and status is initially valid for three years and can then be extended for another three years. To be eligible, the applicant has to be sponsored by an employer who will apply on behalf of the applicant. 

The Career Services Center at your university is the best starting source for your initial job search. The staff can help to review your resume, prepare you for job interviews and assist you in finding available jobs through career fairs, various networking opportunities and alumni connections.

2.1. TIPS TO HELP WITH JOB SEARCH

Here are some tips to help you with your job search:

1. Plan Ahead:

You will need to start preparing in advance for your job search in the US after graduation. Make a list of potential employers large and Small, in the geographical area in and around your university and beyond. Be organized with your job search and maintain a spreadsheet and document your knowledge of as well as your applications to potential employers. 

2. Get Involved:

It will be difficult to get a job or internship through strong grades alone. US employers value students with extracurricular activities, related hands-on experience, and leadership experience. See what transferable skills employers look for in candidates and the various ways you can contribute. 

3. Research H1B Friendly Employers:

Be intentional about your job or internship search by researching which companies have hired international candidates in the past. Alternately, Have a Second Option. Expand your pool of opportunities by applying for positions in the US and in your home country (or perhaps a third country too). Explore where your education and experiences are in demand and be open to options you previously hadn’t considered! 

4. Prepare US Style Application Documents – Resume & Cover Letter:

Make sure you know how to write a US style resume and cover letter and seek feedback from native speakers of English and the career counselors at the career center. Understand the requirements of the job and customize your letter to address your selling points that address their needs. In doing this, also address the larger vision, mission, and values of the company. Within 1 or 2 weeks of submitting your job application, call to ensure that they have received your application and request them for a possible interview date 

5. Practice for your job interview:

While knowledge about the industry and company, and evidence of skills relevant to the job are important for the job interview, Strong English language skills, non-verbal communication skills and interpersonal skills are all crucial for success. The university is the best place to  polish those skills by using opportunities to interact with classmates, faculty and friends in a professional manner. Becoming involved in professional clubs at the university will also help you enhance these skills. For the interview please wear professional attire like a business suit.

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2.2. TOP JOBS IN THE US

Studying in the US is an excellent opportunity both in terms of developing your technical skills as well as for your personal improvement. Your exposure to a global community can greatly enhance your experience and help boost your career growth. According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics some of the fastest growing occupations in the USA are information security analysts, and statisticians. According to industry sources as cited by Forbes magazine (2019), following are some of the best jobs in USA with median annual salary:

While the above is not a comprehensive list of available jobs, you will have to spend time researching your industry and companies to identify opportunities. The important thing to keep in minds is that as an international student you will have to find an employer who will sponsor your visa. Make sure that your skills match the requirements of the company and that your application conveys your unique selling points effectively. You may apply for several jobs over many months to land your dream job, and this process can be personally challenging. Use your professional networking skills online and offline to identify the right referrals, use job search engines to widen your search beyond your network, research your industry well to know available job opportunities . 

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3. What is work Authorization for International Students?

It is essential for international students to understand when and how they can start working off campus. Students need to be able to articulate their student visa work authorization options and their employment visa options to employers, as not all U.S. employers are experienced in hiring international candidates. Following are the opportunities that international students can utilize

  • Curricular Practical Training (CPT) for off-campus internships during academic program
  • Optional Practical Training (OPT) for post-graduation employment for 12 months
  • STEM OPT extension for recipients of a STEM degree is 24-months

4. How many MS students from India get a job in the US?

The current US annual statutory cap on H1B category is 65,000 visas, with 20,000 additional visas for foreign professionals graduating with a Master’s or doctorate degree from a U.S. institution of higher learning. In 2019, the success rate of initial employment H1B petitions was 76% overall . While there is no data as to how many Indian students with US degrees have received a job, international students are always in demand owing to the multicultural aspect that the employers can  bring into the workforce.

The US Citizenship and Immigrations Services publishes data on Approved H-1B Petitions by Employers, this dataset is a great starting point to find H1B friendly employers. According to this report, some of the best employers for H1B applicants are:

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Top 50 Employers of H1B Visa Applicants in Fiscal Year 2018

Source: US Citizenship and Immigrations Services

Employers # of H1B Approval

AMAZON COM SERVICES INC

2396

MICROSOFT CORPORATION

1265

INTEL CORPORATION

875

GOOGLE LLC

782

APPLE INC

708

ERNST & YOUNG US LLP

697

DELOITTE CONSULTING LLP

694

FACEBOOK INC

661

TECH MAHINDRA AMERICAS INC

594

TATA CONSULTANCY SVCS LTD

527

COGNIZANT TECH SOLNS US CORP

500

ACCENTURE LLP

357

WAL-MART ASSOCIATES INC

339

CISCO SYSTEMS INC

327

JPMORGAN CHASE & CO

322

CUMMINS INC

310

IBM CORPORATION

310

CAPGEMINI AMERICA INC

277

WIPRO LIMITED

275

DELOITTE & TOUCHE LLP

267

L&T TECHNOLOGY SERVICES LIMITED

251

AMAZON WEB SERVICES INC

248

BLOOMBERG LP

226

MCKINSEY & COMPANY INC US

213

THE LELAND STANFORD JR UNIVERSITY

209

HCL AMERICA INC

203

GOLDMAN SACHS & CO LLC

195

BANK OF AMERICA NA

180

UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

178

ORACLE AMERICA INC

175

MPHASIS CORPORATION

173

LINKEDIN CORPORATION

167

NVIDIA CORPORATION

163

AMAZON CORPORATE LLC

159

UBER TECHNOLOGIES INC

157

HEXAWARE TECHNOLOGIES INC

152

LARSEN & TOUBRO INFOTECH LIMITED

152

ADOBE SYSTEMS INCORPORATED

149

MINDTREE LIMITED

149

SYNECHRON INC

147

A2Z DEVELOPMENT CTR INC D/B/A LAB

145

COMPUTER SCIENCES CORPORATION

143

MAYO CLINIC

141

CERNER CORPORATION

132

THE MATHWORKS INC

129

COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY

128

NTT DATA INC

128

PAYPAL INC

128

TESLA INC

128

GENERAL MOTORS COMPANY

127

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