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Covid 19 : 14 months before Fall 2021 starts, what should I do as a prospective graduate student?31 min read

By April 8, 2020July 10th, 2020No Comments

We keep getting several questions from students interested in applying for Fall 2021 about Fall 2021 preparation and trying to navigate the Covid crisis. Countries across the world have started opening up in a phased manner. They have realized that with Covid 19, the approach has to be to open up their economies with social distancing norms and controls in place. 

As the risk of hospitalization is more in older people (60+) with other pre-existing chronic conditions like diabetes, heart disease etc, they are trying to ensure safety of their elderly population while allowing younger people back to work.

The initial shutdowns were essential as it allowed their health-systems to not get overwhelmed and ramp-up to tackle incoming patients. As doctors and hospitals across the world treat more patients, they are also getting a better idea of what combination of medication(s) is working better.

Recently, we have seen positive news several fronts including :

  • Progress on the medical front as far as treatment of Covid 19 and the early successes towards discovering a vaccine
  • Significant economic stimulus by the USA, Germany and Canada to re-start their economies. These economies have the largest ability to spend to re-start their economies and so will probably revive first.
  • Countries starting to re-open businesses in a phased manner as they get better at social distancing and detecting Covid 19 patients through increased testing and ramping up healthcare systems.
COVID affect UG study in US

As mentioned in our earlier article, we believe that students should still continue applying for Fall 2021 and keep their options open. They have over 14 months till semester starts and progress is being made across the world in both enforcing strict social distancing measures and treating the virus. 

Below we outline details of recent positive developments in both treatment of Covid 19 as well as gradual opening and assistance of affected economies. Some of the countries mentioned below (USA, Germany and Canada) are ones which a lot of Fall 2021 students will be considering for application to MS/Phd programs.

1. US firm reports positive results from Phase 1 Clinical Trials for Coronavirus vaccine

US based biotechnology firm Moderna Inc announced that their Phase 1 clinical trial for a vaccine for Corona Virus reported positive results. When a vaccine is being developed, it goes through multiple phases of clinical trials. Phase I clinical trials are small-scale trials to assess whether the vaccine is safe in humans and what immune response it evokes. Eight people that were measured with the potential vaccine developed antibodies at levels that were greater or equal to the levels found in patients who have naturally recovered from Covid. 

Phase 1 is only the first step and this will be followed by Phase 2, Phase 3 and Phase 4 rounds of clinical trials. There is a risk of failure along the way in subsequent trials, but Phase 1 success was still a big positive and the US stock market reacted very positively to this result.

Dr. Tal Zaks, Moderna’s chief medical officer had quoted to CNN that if future studies go well, the company’s vaccine could be available to the public as early as January 2021. 

Fall 2021 Preparation | What to do as prospective student

Moderna is just one of the 100 companies across the world that is trying to develop a vaccine for the virus. As per the WHO, there are 8 developers (including Moderna) who are doing human clinical trials against the Corona Virus.

What does this mean for Fall 2021 students?

For Fall 2021 students, news around the success of the Phase 1 clinical trial is a positive. Significant efforts  are being made across the world by multiple companies to develop a vaccine. As Fall 2021 students having over 14 months till the intake starts, we feel hopeful that there will be significant progress around the vaccine by then.

US FDA (Food and Drug Administration) approves emergency use of antiviral drug

On May 1st, the US FDA which is the regulatory body for the pharmaceutical and medical device industry in the US approved emergency use of antiviral drug Remdesivir made by Gilead Life Sciences. This is called an EUA.

Now why is this important? The US FDA is one of the most stringent and strict regulatory bodies in the world. To get an EUA from the US FDA requires information and data to be supplied to the US FDA on clinical results from the usage of the drug among patients. The FDA then evaluates the available evidence and carefully balances any known or potential risks of any unproven products with any known or potential benefits of making them available during the emergency.

The US FDA approved the emergency use of Remdesivir after the National Institutes of Health’s clinical trials showed promising results. The drug was used on 1063 people across locations in the USA, Europe and Asia. Patients who received Remdesivir recovered 30% faster than those on a placebo. Anthony Fauci, the top US epidemologist had stated that, “The data shows that Remdesivir has a clear-cut, significant, positive effect in diminishing the time to recovery.” 

What does this mean for Fall 2021 students?

The approval by the US FDA for emergency use of Remdesivir indicates that as more patients are treated, clinical data is showing certain existing drugs that can be used to treat patients based on their symptoms.

This has happened within 2 months of the emergence of Covid 19. Fall 2021 students can be hopeful that by the time their semester starts, doctors around the world should get much better at understanding and treating patients based on their symptoms.

2. Record economic stimulus by US, Canada, Germany and UK

A record stimulus package has been announced by several developed countries. The US leads all countries with a $2.3 Trillion stimulus package to help industries that are affected by the Corona Virus.  Canada has announced a $36.62 billion package as an economic stimulus and Germany has announced a $10 billion Euro economic package to help businesses and individuals affected by the Corona Virus.

A stimulus package is important to kick-start the economy. Individuals and businesses get money from the government to pay salaries and spend on day to day needs as their businesses have been affected by the Coronavirus. The larger the stimulus package, the more likely that the economy and country will be able to deal with the impact of Covid and re-bound faster.

Fall 2021 Preparation | What to do as prospective student

What does this mean for Fall 2021 students?

USA, Canada and Germany are very popular choices among students for pursuing their MS and Phd degrees. The fact that all these 3 countries have announced big stimulus packages means that they are taking the necessary economic steps to get the economy back on track as soon as possible. The US has announced the largest package as it is also the largest economy.

For Fall 2021 students applying to these countries, these packages help restart the economies of these countries. We expect that these countries will probably re-bound the fastest. Fall 2021 students will graduate only in 2023. Hence, they have both the advantage of time on their hands as well as the fact that countries which are the most popular destinations have announced some of the largest economic packages to stimulate their economies.

3. US States and Germany to open up in a deliberate, phased manner

All 50 US states start to open up in a phased manner

As of May 20th, every state has started gradually lifting the restrictions on businesses operating and public spaces. While the restrictions vary by state, we are providing a snapshot of some of the states in the table below.

 

States 

Popular University choices among student(s)

Status

California

UCLA, USC-LA, San Jose State Univ, San Diego State Univ, Berkeley, Stanford University, Santa Clara State

  • Has started opening county by county
  • As of May 20th, more than 58% of the counties have moved to phase 2 of their four step approach to reopening

Georgia

Georgia Tech, University of Georgia

  • Businesses started to open from April 27th
  • A shelter-in-place order for "medically fragile and elderly people" is in place through June 12.
  • For everyone else, the shelter-in-place end April 30th

Illinois

University of Illinois at Chicago, Illinois Institute of Technology, University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign

  • From May 1st, residents can leave home for essential activities
  • Manufacturing, offices expected to start opening from May 29th

Michigan, Indiana 

University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan State University, Western Michigan,Purdue University, Indiana University

  • Michigan - May 11th, manufacturing workers have started on May 11th. The three big auto companies started on May 18th with 25% production.
  • Indiana - By May 11th, a good percentage of businesses, government offices have opened up with social distancing measures.
  • Manufacturing, offices expected to start opening from May 29th

New York which was the worst affected state and gradually is also showing gradual signs of progress. Three regions of New York State have started reopening from May 12th as they have shown a 14-day decline in COVID-19 cases, as recommended in federal Centers for Disease Control.

What does this mean for Fall 2021 students?

The US is the world’s largest economy and was hit pretty badly by the Corona Virus. The fact that every single state in the US has gradually started easing restrictions in May implies that better controls are in place compared to March when the pandemic first hit. They have also significantly scaled up testing as compared to early March which allows for early detection.

A lot of states shown above have universities which are popular choices for students. As you can see, they have started opening up businesses in phases in May 2020 which is a good sign. New York, the worst affected state has also opened up three regions as the cases trend down over a 14 day period. 

The US is the #1 choice for students applying for graduate studies as the maximum number of good universities and jobs are in the US. With the states gradually easing restrictions, we expect that they will completely open up over the next couple of months with social distancing norms in place. 

For Fall 2021 students with a lot of time left to begin their graduate studies, we believe that the states starting to open up is positive news. A combination of the large economic package and the states gradually opening up should help the US recover quickly.

Germany re-opens in a calibrated manner by slowing the spread of the virus

Germany which was one of the first European countries to shut down early has started re-opening in phases. The German Chancellor Angela Merkel as reported by an article in the New York times stated that infection numbers were not just stable but were actually lower from two weeks ago. As the measures that Germany is taking seem to be working, they have now started to re-open most aspects of the economy.

 Volkwagen has reopened its plant in Germany which is one of the largest plants in the world. They have done so with strict measures in place to ensure safety of workers. As the automobile industry employs more than 14 million in Europe, the Volkswagen plant opening up is very positive news for those currently working or planning to work in the future in the automobile industry.

H1B Visa ban only, Optional Practical Training (OPT) is untouched

What does this mean for Fall 2021 students?

As a large number of students (especially those interested in automobile engineering) look to go to Germany to study, the re-opening of Germany and industries in a phased manner  is a positive sign for students applying to Fall 2021. The Volkswagen plant opening up with process controls in place to ensure the safety of their employees is a good sign for automotive manufacturers across Europe.

4. What are my options as a Fall 2021 aspirant?

For Fall 2021 students, all of the above news is important. It indicates that with 14 months to go to start till Fall 2021 (August/September 2021) that the world will be significantly much better equipped to deal with Covid 19. 

With application deadlines for scholarships starting in early November /December 2020, it is important that Fall 2021 students stay on the course to apply for their MS and Phd programs. 

In countries like India, where colleges have shut down, exams may get postponed to later in the year (example September) or universities/colleges might try to make up for the lost time with extra class hours once they’re open. 

Fall 2021 Preparation | What to do as prospective student

 WIth application deadlines in early November/ December 2020 and an increased workload expected after colleges reopen, we recommend the below :

  • Fall 2021 prospects use the down-time now to prepare for any standardized tests (example GRE or TOEFL/IELTS). 
  • They should also start working on the documentation (SOP etc)  portion of the application which is time consuming. Remember, you need your test scores to shortlist universities but you do not need that to start working on your SOP and other documentation.

Fall 2021 is 14 months away but the world has already made significant progress against handling of Covid 19 in the last 2 months. You can always defer your admit if you decide not to go for some reason but keep your options open and continue to apply. The key to getting scholarships is to start early on your test prep preparation and documentation so that you are putting in the best possible application.

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