Skip to main content

Statement of Purpose | Format with Samples, Examples & templates(2023 Update)

Statement of purpose | Guide with samples, format, examples, tips,tricks and template

The Definitive Guide to

Statement of Purpose - SoP

The Statement of Purpose or SoP (a.k.a Statement of Intent or Statement of Interest) is arguably the single most important element in your application package to graduate school.

You might be having a lot of questions like:

  • How to introduce yourself in SOP
  • How to start a SOP
  • Maybe you need a SOP sample introduction
  • SOP templates

You are in the right place!

Quick question:

How do you stand out from the millions of applicants just like you? What do you put into this essay?

That is exactly what we’re going to discuss today.

Table of Contents

Chapter 1

What is a Statement Of Purpose?

The statement of purpose (SoP) is a short admission essay written as a part of your graduate school application. A well-written SoP increases your chances of admission to the program you desire.

Simply, an SoP is a showcase of your qualities telling the admission committee why you deserve to get the admission.

The typical length of a Statement of Purpose is 1.5 pages and this aims to provides you the best opportunity to distinguish yourself from other applicants. The universities abroad often ask for an SOP to understand the student in all aspects.

Everything else is numeric. If you look at your CGPA, your GRE score or TOEFL score  – they’re all numbers.

The statement of purpose, on the other hand, is an opportunity for you to – 

Describe or talk about your general story, your narrative, why you’re here today, what choices did you have to make and in that way, set yourself apart from other applicants.

You have to make sure that your statement of purpose includes why you’re choosing this particular course or specialization and how your background or education, your internships, projects or experience backs up or further validates your case to specialize in this particular field.

FREE Profile Evaluation from Alumna of
University of New Mexico, USA!

Take me there!

You also have to talk about what you plan to do once you get this Master’s from the University of your choice to what you want to do in your career afterward and how you plan on applying your knowledge and experience to further your career.

This is a gist of what you’re expected to talk about.

It’s also an opportunity for you to briefly explain any unique or weird looking stuff in your profile. For example, if your GPA is low, then you might want to explain that in your statement of purpose.

How do you do this?

You can do this by saying that you are the kind of person who can focus and work very well on topics that you’re passionate about, and it’s hard for you to focus on something that you aren’t fundamentally committed to.

You can explain that your GPA is low but in all the subjects related to your target area of specialization, you’ve done extremely well and that’s the kind of person you are.

So whatever exam you might have given i.e., GRE or TOEFL or IELTS, your Statement of purpose will make you stand out from other applicants.

Difference between Statement of Purpose for Masters and Ph.D:

Generally, the main difference in writing a statement of purpose for MS and Ph.D. is in the way you present yourself especially with regards to research.

In an SOP for a Ph.D application, you need to talk more about your research, your research group and your contribution to the group. Here you can talk about the professor who inspired you and your experience with him. The reader of your statement of purpose will be more interested to know about the analytical skills you acquired which are critical for research in Ph.D programs. Talk about your thesis and the work that went into it.

Whereas in the statement of purpose for a Masters, your focus is on developing your skills through said Master’s program, not necessarily in creating new things/developing new knowledge through research. Talk about situations that highlight your good leadership and communication skills. Focus on writing about your goals, programs that will help in your career while writing an SOP for Masters.

Kick-start Your Admissions the right way. Start Now!

Take me there!

What is the importance of Statement of Purpose?

The statement of purpose is the only essay where you get the chance to write about yourself and make a difference from other applicants. The admission counselling can get an analysis of your background and how passionate you are to get an admit to the university.
With a well-written statement of purpose, you can underplay your weaknesses and convince the committee to get the admission. This becomes easier when you understand the audience of your statement of purpose (admissions committee).
An SOP is also a place where you can highlight your strengths and skills necessary for your academic and career excellence. It is very important for you to put your heart and passion for the program while writing a statement of purpose.

Chapter 2

Components of a successful SOP

What are the contents of a successful Statement of Purpose for Graduate School?

Let’s look at it in a little more detail. For somebody who is in their undergrad, when you’re applying to universities, this is a template that we might recommend for you.

We’re not necessarily saying that everybody should stick to this template but unless you have very specific reasons or a strong narrative that you want to weave indifferently, this is a good tried and tested statement of purpose template to follow.

Achieve High GRE scores with the Best practice test!

Take me there!

First, you give a brief introduction of yourself and talk about your high school and undergraduate work and how they prepared you.

Next, the middle paragraph is important and this is where we’ll discuss your specialization and then you can further describe any other projects that you did in the specialization that you would like to target.

Finally, you talk about why you chose this particular university and why this particular program in that university and what you plan to do after you graduate from there.

This is a good, safe way to organize your statement of purpose.

Keep in mind to keep it tight as you will realize writing these things down takes time because it requires you to think deeply and to introspect so we recommend starting early.

Don’t wait until the last minute and start writing your statement of purpose in November.

Start well in advance so you have a first draft, a second draft, and additional edits if needed. These are the things you want to start thinking about right away.

Chapter 3

The Introduction Paragraph

How To Write A Statement Of Purpose for Grad School?

Starting with the introduction, you have to be clear and state what specialization you want to pursue. Make sure that you tell the truth, do not makeup stories, and avoid being sentimental.

Get ideas on how to write an SOP with the following statement of purpose format outlined below.

Let us take a look at a bad introduction paragraph next so you know what we’re talking about and what to avoid.

Chapter 4

Sample SOP -Bad Introduction Paragraph

Statement Of Purpose Sample For A Bad Introduction Paragraph

Look the following statement of purpose format for the introduction paragraph and continue with suggestions mentioned below for writing a better introduction.

“Growing up, I always loved math and sciences. I was that weird kid that liked calculus and algebra, and I thought that chemistry was fun. And because I excelled in those things, my parents always told me: “Anita, the best way to use those interests and apply them to a career is to become an engineer.” After three years of undergraduate Computer Science Engineering, I realized that my parents were wrong in shaping my calling. Suddenly one day after seeing blue cabbage turning red in lemon sauce, I realized that it was Chemistry rather than Coding that was my calling and life-long desire.”

“Growing up, I always loved math and sciences” – fine, fair enough. “I was that weird kid that liked calculus and algebra” – the usage of the words “weird kid” makes this unnecessarily sentimental.

It goes on to say “because I excelled in those things, my parents always told me: “Anita, the best way to use those interests and apply them to a career, is to become an engineer.”  

Well, this sounds like a made-up anecdote, even if it’s true, it might very well be true. But it’s unnecessarily sentimental in the statement of purpose and it also shows that you’re influenced by what your parents say that you haven’t really thought about how to use these interests.

This person then goes on to say, “After three years of undergraduate Computer Science Engineering, I realized that my parents were wrong in shaping my calling.”

This is also unnecessary because it seems like you’re dissing your parents. It’s important to just be professional and talk about yourself, your decisions to make a perfect statement of purpose.

Moving further, we see this reads “Suddenly one day after seeing blue cabbage turning red in lemon sauce, I realized that it was Chemistry rather than Coding that was my calling and life-long desire.”

The issue with this is it just doesn’t sound believable – it might actually be true. But that this one moment just changed your life seems a little hard to believe. You would have had  multiple opportunities in chemistry lab in high school to see compounds change color & producing colorful spangles – how come your passion for chemistry wasn’t kick-started then?

It just doesn’t sound believable – you want to make sure that what you write sounds credible, that it sounds professional and that is how you know your writing is going to be believed. Put yourself in their shoes, imagine you are reading this – what will you think about the person who’s writing this?

Get the FREE Profile Evaluation Now. Secure that admit!

Start Now!

We hope this gives you some concrete ideas about what to do and what to avoid so make sure that you’re honest. Are the professors likely to believe in this sudden serendipitous moment?

You want to talk about your wishes in your career, how your decisions were shaped because once you do your Master’s, it’s all about you.

It’s nice to respect your parents but professors want to know what you are going to because you’re the one who’s going to sit there, take the classes with them and answer the tests – not your parents.  

A good reference for a personal statement we think is called “Matters of Form” – they talk about how to begin a nice introductory paragraph for those of you that are interested.

Grab the Plethora of GRE Free Resources!!

Yes, please!
Chapter 5

SOP Sample : The Middle Paragraph

Let’s move on to the middle part of your statement of purpose – you have to talk about how you evolved as an undergraduate student, what courses you took, which ones you really liked, based on that which electives you decided to take.

You can further strengthen your knowledge in that direction. Your project work, your thesis, any paper presentations you may have done, what research you did etc and how you would like to extend this work in the future.

Make sure that you are writing not for a lay-person. You’re writing it for a technical audience, somebody who’s already an expert in this field. So you can use technical terms in your personal statement but don’t drop them unnecessarily. Identify and use them in relevant places.

Chapter 6

Sample SOP -Good Middle Paragraph

Statement Of Purpose Example For A Good Middle Paragraph

Let’s now see an SOP format with a good ‘middle paragraph’ – this is from a mechanical engineering undergrad student who also wants to specialize in mechanical engineering, particularly in energy.

You can see it’s very clear that the student understands what the project is and why they chose this. “Given the growing realization of the need for low-emission power sources and alternatives for fossil fuels.”

It’s clear that the person who’s writing this cares about the environment, they care about renewable energy and that’s why they have chosen a project that is relevant.

“In lieu of a formal introduction of my academic interests, I would like to offer a summary of the design project I did for the award of my Bachelor’s degree in Engineering.”

Note how beautifully the student has weaved in the fact that their project was chosen as an award-winning project in design in their class.

They then move on to talk more about the project – “Often brushed aside as an obsolete model, the Stirling engine is an external combustion engine that saw little application after the advent of high-efficiency Internal Combustion engines. However, considering the advances in material sciences that has led to significant weight reduction in machines, and the prospect of exploiting abundantly available energy sources, I found that there were several benefits to be reaped by revisiting this apparently outdated technology.”

So the student is explaining certain recent advances as well as the importance of exploiting whatever energy sources that you have a good way in the statement of purpose. The student is saying, ‘let me revisit this apparently outdated technology’.

Admissions Counselling

Sahil secured his dream admit @ ETH Zurich. Know how he crafted his perfect SOP.

Take me there!

The student is also giving the reader an inside look into their thought process. Do they just go by what people say or do they put two and two together and say ‘I think this is worth revisiting’? The student here also demonstrated that they believe in taking risks.

They’re saying ‘look, I know it was considered obsolete but things have changed in a couple of areas and I do think it’s worth revisiting so I’m going to put my time and energy into this’.

They’re not just diving in, it’s a carefully weighted risk, they’ve explained their rationale and thought process so you can already get a feel for how this person thinks, what they’re passionate about and how they will take decisions.

Started your GRE Prep?

Looking for GRE Practice questions to kick-start your prep?

Free GRE App

This is the kind of information that somebody will glean after reading a paragraph like this.

Continuing, “While not as efficient as the Internal Combustion engine, the LTD Stirling engines nevertheless have a potential to be used in auxiliary small-scale applications that can derive input energy from the heat that is otherwise unused”

You can see that this person is clearly writing for a technical  expert on and also demonstrating knowledge of this product. So yes, ‘I know the pros and cons but I am going to limit my work within its scope and I know I think that there can be some value to be gained from exploring more in this area.’

“This project not only shed light on a less explored area of design, but also taught me valuable lessons on high-efficiency, compact designing and the nuances in material selection, keeping in mind the value of the end product. It also earned me an internship at the R&D section of Ashok Leyland Automobile Company, Bengaluru, where I had an opportunity to witness the extensive research done in emission control.”

Narrate the journey in the Statement Of Purpose | SOP guide with samples and templates

You can see how the narrative he’s laying out takes you on a journey from step one to two step to step three and it’s building that sequence so he can drive his story in.

Let’s read further – ‘Having developed an interest in renewable energy sources very early in my academic career, I would like to continue exploring avenues for further research following the positive results I gained from my project, focusing on improving the efficiency of the engine and expanding its scope of application’.

So the student is very clear about their interests, they’re saying ‘hey look I’m interested in renewable energy sources and would like to continue exploring this for further research, this is what I want to work on to go about about improving its efficiency, expanding its scope of application.

Like we mentioned earlier today, talking about the next steps that you would like to take is important and that’s what he has done here. That’s also addressed here.

One step closer

Right from University Shortlisting, SOP, LOR, Application Reviews till Visa Counselling. Galvanize has your back.

Find our how

“I would also like to extend my research to other viable options of low-emission, green energy-driven engines that can provide a solution to the problems currently faced on a global level.”

So again the story is driving home the point that they are keen on a particular area of research, that this is the problem they would like to further research and solve and these are the reasons why.

It’s so important for you to be clear about what it is that you want to do, what motivates you, what are you passionate about and weave it with all of the actual practical decisions you have taken – your projects, your lessons, your internships. That’s what a really good statement of purpose is all about. Choose the ideal statement of interest sample that fits with your situation, but do not duplicate it. Take it as a reference and write your own.

Chapter 7

Work experience/ Internship Paragraph

You have to talk about the internships that you did, being very clear and specific about them. The exact responsibilities you were given need to be laid out clearly, especially for those of you who are working professionals.

It’s very important that you abstract out the actual lessons that you’ve learned. How your work experience has made you a better applicant. Talk about any unique skills that might have picked up. during your internships, especially for those of you still studying.

So you have to really think about and answer this question. These answers won’t just come to you out of the blue, they don’t come on a platter.

You can also see how all of these will be very different from one individual to another, making a statement of purpose, a very unique write-up.

This is how and where you can distinguish yourself from others. Every single applicant’s statement of purpose is going to be different because their life journey has been different.

Their decisions are different, what they have learned, what they picked up, what they’ve chosen to do, what they’re passionate about. All of those are going to change and that’s how you can bring out the best in you.

Get the help to craft your professional Statement of Purpose Now!!

Take me there

There are some differences in writing an SoP for UG, MS, and Ph.D. For a UG application, a student is required to write about their childhood, interests and hobbies in their SOP, whereas in a Master’s SOP you should concentrate on passion, the field of interest and goals.

While writing a statement of purpose for Ph.D. you need to talk more about the area of research and your knowledge of it.

Let us now look at an SOP example of a bad internship paragraph.

Chapter 8

SOP Sample -Internship Paragraph

“I consider my in-plant training at the Central Electrical Repair Shop of Neyveli Lignite Corporation Limited to have been of significant value to my growth as a student. It was there that I understood the construction, winding and working of motors and transformers.”  

At the very outset, we need to point out that implant training lasts typically for a very short period – two to three weeks and it’s very observational in nature.

It doesn’t typically give you a lot of opportunity to work directly with relevant stuff and that’s something that you want to look for in good internships.

Moving further, “Considering that the plant was located in a remote area, I was forced to live in relative squalor, away from home. The experience served as an eye-opener as to the role science played in my life and taught me that work was uplifting and enervating, irrespective of environment.”

The issue here again is this person is becoming unnecessarily sentimental – the fact that you lived in relative squalor away from home has no relevance in a technical statement of purpose.

If you are exploring a Masters in philosophy or something like that where you want to experience how other people live or are talking about a Master’s in social work then, sure you can talk about how you were forced to live in relative squalor.

Help me with my SOP

You only need to ask. Get your Profile Evaluated by our Global Admissions Expert and you'll be on your way!

Free Profile Evaluation

But for somebody who wants to do a Masters in engineering, it is absolutely irrelevant. It’s not even that you started in impoverished circumstances and somehow made the right decisions and are now working hard – you’re actually very comfortable and well to do but for your internship you had to live in relative squalor – it doesn’t speak well at all for you.

Your Statement of Purpose for Masters is to be personalized in a way that it connects with the Admission Committee members.

Reading further, “The experience served as an eye-opener as to the role science played in my life and taught me that work was uplifting and enervating, irrespective of environment.”

Again this is not needed for a Master’s in engineering, remember to focus on your work, only on the technical stuff. That is what you want to talk about. So that was an example of passages you don’t want to emulate.

Chapter 9

Concluding Paragraph of SOP

Coming to the final paragraph – why this particular university. Focus on the kind of research there, make sure you’ve  shortlisted professors, read some articles and that you can demonstrate knowledge of current research at this department.

Chapter 10

Questions to ask before shortlisting universities

When writing the final paragraph, here are a few questions that you want to answer: 

  1. Which part of subfield X particularly interests you?
  2. What fresh perspectives do you have to offer on ongoing research conversations?
  3. What line of enquiry do you wish to pursue, and why?
  4. How does this fit the ongoing research concerns of the faculty?
  5. Why should the department care about you?

You have to demonstrate confidence in your ability, in your passion for following this area of interest and confidence that this particular university has the infrastructure, the labs and so on to support you in this area of research.

You want to make clear that you will add value as well. That is what you’re hoping to convey in the final paragraph.

Chapter 11

Do's and don'ts of a Statement of Purpose

To summarize a few ‘do’s and don’ts of a grad school Statement of Purpose:

  • Start early , statement of purpose writing calls for self- introspection which takes time. You have to answer questions about yourself, questions you may not have thought about earlier.
  • Clearly state what field and specialization you intend to pursue.
  • Be honest. Only offer information that’s relevant to your field.
  • Use formal English. Make sure you proofread your statement of purpose. Follow any specific instructions the university gives about word-count or questions.


  • Do not make up an anecdote
  • Avoid sentimentality
  • Avoid controversial statements as it relates to politics or religion
  • It’s not a must to include quotes in the statement of purpose
  • Do not sound too critical about your country

Start writing your statement of interest with the tips provided and make you dream come true. Read more to know How to Shortlist Universities and get the ultimate guide to Letters of Recommendation.

Chapter 12

Common Mistakes to Avoid in SOP

  • The length of the SoP does not determine its success. Even a 500 word well-written to the point SoP will be a better submission than a 3-page laborious essay. This is very true for undergraduate and graduate school SoPs.  (PS- Some Ph.D. applications/ MS with Research programs may expect more content and accordingly, students who apply to such programs will have sufficient prior work that requires a lengthier SoP.
  • It is very important to ensure the SoP must not be a chronological retelling of the resume/CV. Repeating each and every point of the resume in the SoP would make it dull and repetitive. The SoP should display the main highlights of your profile and connect them to your readiness for undertaking a master’s/undergraduate program.
  • Refined vocabulary will make the SoP standout. Such an essay would make an interesting and enlightening read. But at the same time, the essay must not be filled to its brim with every alternate word needing a doubletake and a thesaurus. Such an SoP would be tedious to read. 
  • The SoP can include information on the applicant’s extracurricular interests and preferences. Extracurricular involvement can accentuate the applicant’s leadership, team working, communication adroitness. But the SoP must not delve extensively on that, thereby wasting a lot of ink on the same leaving little space for other vital information. 
  • The student must not forget to customize the SoP to each university he/she might be targeting. A university-specific SoP will go the extra mile and include information on prospective coursework the applicant wishes to take at the university, including allied content on professors whose classes and research work the applicant is eager to be a part of.  
Chapter 13

Key Notes for Drafting a Scholarship SOP

  • An SoP targeting scholarships must start with a focus on the applicant’s previous academic achievements. Bring out the highlights of the student’s scholarly achievements in their undergraduate study and school. This includes information on awards/ recognition/ appreciation for distinguished academic performance and acing national/international level talent examinations. 
  • A scholarship SoP will consider all the points in the scholarship program checklist and elucidate how the applicant fulfills the criteria. Many scholarships/fellowships will have a wide set of conditions not just academic, but also social/extracurricular thereby expecting a well-rounded experience from the candidates. 
  • The scholarship SoP must emphasize the exceptional abilities in the student’s work and tie it to valid reasons for the applicant’s suitability for the said grant. A scholarship will attract quite a number of applications, hence to compete the scholarship SoP must bring out the positives and holistic aptness of the student.
  • Moreover, the scholarships SoP must stress the applicant’s prior research work or industry exposure in the said subject-matter. This will show the student’s proclivity to the domain and why such a scholarship will benefit him. The specialized academic interest of the applicant will depict to the scholarship committee the student’s prospects in the said industry. 
  • Most importantly, the future career objectives the student hopes to achieve with the help of the scholarship should be highlighted. Any SoP will talk about the future plans of the candidate. But the scholarships SoP should spotlight how receiving the scholarship will make a remarkable difference in empowering this deserving applicant to accomplish his goals and make a difference in his field, thereby contributing to the greater good. 
Chapter 14

Galvanize Your SoP : How we formulate the SoPs at Galvanize

Through a well-researched and thoroughly-formulated questionnaire, student’s will be expected to put in their inputs.


  • Sop full form : Statement of purpose
  • Statement of purpose is an admission essay written to showcase your qualities convincing the admission committee why you deserve to get admissions
  • Length of SOP : Typically 1.5 pages
  • Content of SOP : Talk about your story, narrative, the difficult life choices, your future plans, explain bad GPAs if any, why you chose this university and program specifically
  • SOP let’s you stand out of the crowd. 
  • SOP for PHD : Talk about the research, research group, the thesis, and the situations where you displayed analytical, communication n leadership skills
  • Start writing the SOP well in advance with 2-3 drafts and with additional edits! 
  • Avoid being sentimental in writing your SOPs
  • Don’t drop technical terms unnecessarily
  • Introduction para : Introduce yourself, Talk about high school n UG work and how they prepared you : State specialization you want. 
  • Middle para : specialization, courses and other projects : How all these evolved you and how you’d like to continue that work
  • Work experience/Internship para : Be specific and clear about the roles you played there and how it prepared you for the course. 
  • Final para : Reason behind choosing university n program specifically and what are your plans after graduation 
  • SOP for UG : Talk about childhood, interests and hobbies
  • SOP for PG : concentrate on passion, interests and goals

Frequently Asked Questions:

What is the typical length of an SOP?

Statement of purpose typically is around 1.5 pages

Do I need to sign my statement of purpose (SOP)?

No, you need not sign your statement of purpose since it’s an online essay and doesn’t require any sort of signatures

How important is Statement of Purpose (SOP)?

Statement of purpose is one of the most important step of your admission process as they get to dig into your story, the whole narrative behind the applicant. A property crafted SOP can secure your admission in your dream college

now it's your turn

I'd like to hear from you

Which strategy from today’s guide do you think will work best for you?

Are you going to work on your SoP right away?

Or maybe you’re ready to start introspecting.

Either way, leave a comment below right now.

Types of GRE scholarship

Leave a Reply

Call Me Back
close slider