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IELTS Pie Charts

By March 10, 2022July 24th, 2022No Comments
A Complete Guide To

IELTS Pie Charts

Chapter 1

Overview

In the Academic Task 1 of the Writing section, you are asked to create a short descriptive essay based on visual data and information. Pie charts can be used to show this visual data. Pie charts are circular charts that are divided into sections or ‘pie slices,’ which are commonly used to depict percentages. The size of each pie slice signifies the relative amount of data it represents. The slices form a complete circle when joined together. They are often used in business and the media, but less so in scientific or technical writings. Read on to get an in-depth understanding of the IELTS Pie Chart section.

What is the IELTS Pie Chart?

In IELTS, a pie chart is a sort of graph in which a circle is segmented into sectors each indicating a percentage of the whole. As previously stated, Pie charts are segmented into ‘pie slices’ to display percentages. Each pie slice’s size indicates the relative data amount it represents. When these slices are joined together, they form a complete circle. Furthermore, while these are extensively used in the media and business, they are less popular in technical and scientific journals.

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Chapter 2

How to Write a Pie Chart Essay?

Pie charts come in a variety of forms, including those with and without percentages or numbers. Furthermore, the rule applies to all types of pie charts. Of course, you may learn how to explain a pie chart in the IELTS academic writing task by using various approaches. To write a pie chart essay, follow the following structure:

Introduction

The first section of your IELTS pie chart is an introduction in one or two sentences to your chart. You must paraphrase the data from your topic in this part.

Overview

The second section is a basic outline in which you must discuss the essential aspects of your pie chart.

Body Paragraphs 

This section deals with precise details, which you should put together in two or three paragraphs.

Tips to Solve IELTS Pie Chart Questions

#1. Read the Question Properly to Select Information

Before you start, read the provided information to ensure that the information in the Pie Chart is properly shown.

#2. Identify the Main Features

The image in the IELTS pie chart topics should be easy to understand. Each question has been designed to assess your linguistic skills rather than your mathematical competence.

Pie charts are always used to display percentages or proportions. Aside from that, they are fundamentally the same as bar graphs and line charts in that they constitute a visual representation of data.

You should search for the highlights. These are generally the easiest to identify. The image will have a wealth of information to assist you in identifying them.

Here are some questions to ask:

  • What are the measurements units?
  • What are the time periods?
  • What can you learn from the title?
  • Are there any similarities?

#3. Follow The Right Structure

A pie chart essay structure contains these key elements:

  • Introduction, body overview, and conclusion
  • Connective words are used to make the content inside sentences and paragraphs more cohesive.

#4. Meet The Requirements of The Task

  • Make certain that the Pie chart contains enough language.
  • Providing an adequate description of the entire graph
  • Keeping within the word limit
  • Concentrating on the key trends depicted in the Pie chart

#5. Focus on The Vocabulary

Vocabulary for the IELTS pie chart is critical to attaining a high score. Furthermore, scoring well within the constraints of the instructions is a bit difficult.

Maintain the following to demonstrate that your essay has a strong vocabulary for IELTS:

  • Make use of a wide vocabulary range
  • Avoid using phrases and words that are repeated.
  • Use precise language.
  • Make Use of Synonyms
  • Enriching your vocabulary can help you achieve a high band score because it accounts for 25% of the total score.

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Some More Tips to Solve IELTS Pie Chart Questions

Follow the tips given below to tackle the pie chart questions in IELTS Academic Writing Task 

  • Read the question and determine the important information.
  • Pay attention to the time-frame of your Pie chart and use proper tense.
  • using suitable grammar and vocabulary to paraphrase the supplied question
  • To preserve continuity and keep track of the word count, use Transition Words.
  • Concentrate on incorporating relevant facts from the Pie charts into your essay.
  • Do not be alarmed if the information on your Pie chart differs. In such circumstances, including a summary of each image.
  • Personal opinions should be avoided at all costs.

Now, let’s implement these tips to solve the IELTS pie chart sample questions given in the following section:

Pie Charts Sample Questions & Answers

Question 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The charts below show the percentage of available water resources in Japan in 2000, 2010, and 2020. The table shows the percentage of annual water consumption in the country in those three years. 

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant. 

Write at least 150 words. 

Year

Annual Water Consumption (in gallons)

2000

65

2010

77

2020

93

Sample Answer

Sample Response

The given pie charts illustrate the percentage of water resources in Japan in the years 2000, 2010, and 2020, while the table shows the annual water consumption in the country in those years. 

At a glance, certain changes can be easily detected. Seawater, the largest water resource in Japan, remained constant across two decades, until 2020, when we can see a decrease in the amount by 4%. There has been a steady decline in the amount of fresh water from rivers, lakes, and marshes. The water from glaciers, on the other hand, seems to have increased since 2000, after a slight dip in 2010. Groundwater has also increased, though 2020 failed to reach its peak of 9% in 2010. 

With regard to the table, the annual water consumption has been increasing steadily since 2000, with 2020 seeing the highest amount of 93 gallons. Regardless of the cause, this is a concerning statistic, considering that the amount of freshwater resources available in the country has not increased significantly. 

Sample Question 2

The pie charts compare ways of accessing the news in Canada and Australia.

Summarize the data by selecting and reporting the essential elements, as well as making appropriate comparisons.

Sample Answer

The pie charts depict the primary methods of learning about news in two separate countries, Canada and Australia. Though there are considerable variances, both big and little, the two countries exhibit roughly comparable trends.

One of the most striking aspects of these statistics is that, although more than a third of people in Canada get the news on the internet, the rate in Australia is more than half, at 52 percent. It is clear that watching TV news is popular in both nations, with almost two-fifths of the Canadian public preferring this means of distribution and only 3% fewer in Australia.

One significant difference between Canada and Australia is that the former has more than twice as many individuals reading the news in print as the latter. The percentages are 14% and 7%, respectively. Furthermore, three times more people in Canada tend to listen to the radio news than in Australia.

However, it can be stated that due to Australia’s high rates of internet use, traditional means such as radio and printing are used less in contrast to Canada.

IELTS Pie chart Sample Question 3

Question 2

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The charts below show the yearly budget of two publishing companies—BK and Nook.  

Summarise the information by analyzing and reporting the main features, making comparisons where relevant. 

Write at least 150 words. 

IELTS Pie chart Questions 3
IELTS Pie chart Questions 3.2

Sample Answer

Sample Response

The given pie charts portray the yearly budget of two publishing companies—BK Publishing Company and Nook Publishing Company. The budget for both companies is allocated among four sectors, namely Development, Design, Production, and Marketing. 

In both companies, marketing seems to have the largest budget, with BK allotting 34.5% to the sector and Nook assigning 30% for its Marketing activities. This speaks for the weight of marketing in the industry. With respect to Development, the two companies differ by a slight percentage, with BK dedicating 20% and Nook 24%. But BK clearly values its Design sector, as it has the second-highest budget in the company, with 27.5% for its tasks. Nook, however, has only set aside 21% for its Design projects. On the other hand, the budget of Nook’s Production sector is significantly higher than BK’s, with the former allocating 25% and the latter only 18%. 

Overall, while there are quite a few differences in the budget dedicated to each sector in both companies, there aren’t any drastic divergences, proving that each of the four sectors plays an invaluable role in the publishing industry. 

IELTS PIe chart Question Type : Assessment

Practice Question 1

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The pie charts below show the percentage of pop music enthusiasts according to age in 2018 and 2021.  

Summarise the data by selecting and reporting the main features, making comparisons where relevant. 

IELTS Pie charts Practice Question PQ 1.1
IELTS Pie charts Practice Question PQ 1.2

Practice Question 2

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The pie chart shows the career preferences of the 2010-batch students from St.Albert School. The table shows the percentage of 2010-batch students from St.Albert School employed in various sectors in 2018.

Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant. 

Write at least 150 words.

Employed Sector (2018)

Percentage of Students (%)

Medicine

31

Engineering

20

Fine Arts

10

Humanities

25

Others

14

Practice Question 3

You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.

The pie charts represent the data of the land surveys conducted in India in the years 2000 and 2020.

Summarise the data by selecting and reporting the main features, making comparisons where relevant. 

Write at least 150 words.

Other Pie Chart Questions and Answers

The pie charts below show the devices people in the 18 to 25 age group use to watch television in Canada in two different years.

Summarize the data by selecting and reporting the essential elements, as well as making appropriate comparisons.

The two graphs show which devices young adults in Canada use to watch television and how this has progressed over the 10-year period from 2009 to 2019. One of the most significant shifts over the last decade has been the shift from traditional televisions to flat-screens, with the former declining from 34% to 4% and the latter jumping from 8% to 27% during the same time period, making it the most popular television device. The latter has surpassed the former as the most widely used TV viewing device.

Another general tendency is that, compared to 2009, young folks are now watching tv on smaller, more handheld devices.

In particular, the usage of mobile phones and tablets for watching has surged by nearly three-quarters to 26 percent, with tablet use increasing nearly fourfold to 19 percent. This tendency is bolstered by the number of 18 to 25-year-olds who watch TV on laptops. The use of desktop and laptop computers both decreased significantly (around a third for both).

However, the two pie charts indicate that TV viewing preferences in Canada have shifted away from older gadgets and toward more recent equivalents over the period.

Pie Charts Sample Questions for Practise

Q1. The table below shows the percentage participation of women in senior management in three companies between 1975 and 2015.

Summarize the data by selecting and reporting the essential elements, as well as making appropriate comparisons.

IELTS Pie chart Sample Questions SQ 2.1

Q2. The maps below show the town of Langley in 1910 and 1950.

Summarize the data by selecting and reporting the essential elements, as well as making appropriate comparisons.

Q3. Read the model answer for the question. Choose the discourse marker that best fits each space.

The graphs below show the number of medals won by the top five countries in the summer and winter Olympics.

Summarize the data by selecting and reporting the essential elements, as well as making appropriate comparisons

Q4. The chart below gives information about global population percentages and the distribution of wealth by region.

Summarize the data by selecting and reporting the essential elements, as well as making appropriate comparisons.

Q5. The graph shows data on the manufacture of passenger cars in 2015.

Summarize the data by selecting and reporting the essential elements, as well as making appropriate comparisons.

IELTS Pie Chart FAQs :

How many words should we need to explain IELTS Pie Charts?

You must write at least 150 words, preferably more. The recommended word count is 160-180.

What are the essential elements of a Pie chart?

In task 1, the essential elements of the Pie chart comprise an introduction, overview, and conclusion.

Where should the essential aspects of the Pie chart be highlighted?

You will be given paper and a pen or pencil to take notes on the essential components of the IELTS Writing test.

Conclusion :

The pie chart in IELTS is one of the most common question types in IELTS academic writing assignment 1. You must write a response explaining the given Pie chart.

Furthermore, you must prepare a report of at least 150 words in 20 minutes. To get a band 8 or higher, you must thoroughly investigate the question and identify crucial features that can be written down.

Task 1 of the IELTS Pie charts is the greatest way to organize data in order to see the scale of components in relation to the whole, and they are especially effective at displaying percentage or proportional data.

We hope you found this article on IELTS Pie Chart informative. Stay tuned for more!

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