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IELTS Vocabulary | Vocabulary Topics & Exam Tips (2022)

By November 15, 2021January 3rd, 2022No Comments
A Complete Guide To

IELTS Vocabulary

Chapter 1


The IELTS test does not have a separate test for vocabulary terms, it is used to assess almost every skill in the test. When taking the skills examinations in reading, listening, writing, and speaking, you must use a variety of terms with correct pronunciation and spelling. IELTS Vocabulary is not evaluated as a separate segment on the test, but it does account for 25% of your overall score on the Writing and Speaking sections, making it crucial. The examiners will look at how well you use a wide range of relevant terminology and how well you use it. However, when it comes to speaking and writing, your vocabulary accounts for roughly 20–30% of your score. So, let’s go through a set of words and phrases to enhance your vocabulary.

Importance of Vocabulary in IELTS

In the IELTS Exam, vocabulary is extremely crucial. If you’re studying for the IELTS, make vocabulary your close friend. Each segment of the IELTS test has a common thing: “Vocabulary.”

  1. Listening
  2. Speaking
  3. Reading
  4. Writing.

The weightage assigned to vocabulary in the IELTS test is one of the reasons why you should practise hard on it. It accounts for 25% of your scores in the Speaking and Writing parts and greatly aids the Reading and Listening sections. In the IELTS Writing and Speaking tests, vocabulary assists you better in puting in your ideas. In Reading and Listening segments, having a solid vocabulary makes it easier to get our answers accurate, and having a larger vocabulary lets you not only respond to the questions, but also find the answers by skimming and scanning, using synonyms, and connecting the contexts more effectively.

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Chapter 2

Tips to Enhance Your IELTS Vocabulary

Do a lot of reading

Building a massive vocabulary is the single most crucial aspect of learning English. A large vocabulary will assist you in writing and speaking English, as well as listening to and reading English. In fact, having a broad vocabulary is significantly more important than having strong grammar, you can never be comprehended without words; you can generally be understood without grammar. So toss your grammar books away and pick up a newspaper. Reading a lot of English-language content is the best approach to expand your vocabulary. This is due to the fact that you can see the words and phrases in context. This means you’ll be more likely to recall these terms and phrases, as well as have a greater knowledge of how they’re actually used. The Internet is a fantastic resource for finding free reading materials. Computers also provide capabilities that can assist you in comprehending a text.

Search for New Words

Many people recommend reading books, periodicals, and watching TV shows to acquire new vocabulary, but it’s also necessary to search up academic terms you don’t understand. Many people have the propensity of ignoring difficult and unfamiliar phrases, assuming that they will not be needed in their daily lives or exams. However, make it a habit to search up vocabulary words that you are unfamiliar with, especially if they are difficult to read, spell, or write.

Keep a Notebook 

Having a notebook to jot down all new academic vocabulary and their definitions may seem a little archaic, but it may help you comprehend those words better. Aside from that, as the exam approaches, you can use the book to review the written words. That’s a far better option than scrambling to find new word sources the night before the exam.


So, after bringing a notepad or downloading an app to learn new words, the only thing left to do is put the word into practise in real life. When it comes to speaking ability, you can choose any topic or question that has recently been asked in the exam. Then, for 2 – 3 minutes, try speaking about the topic using the terminology you’ve lately learnt.

Next, when it comes to IELTS writing vocabulary, you should avoid exaggerating sentences because you can utilise a single advanced word. This is an excellent way to improve your vocabulary for the IELTS exam.

The most essential thing is to avoid focusing too much on a word by trying to come up with a slew of similar sample phrases.

Try Vocabulary Apps

Nowadays, everyone has a smartphone, and there are a plethora of apps available on the Google Play Store and other app shops that can assist us in improving our language skills. For starters, we recommend using the Ultimate English Vocabulary Prep App, which includes not just word understanding but also activities, explanations, and synonyms that can truly help you.

The reason we recommend using Android apps to improve your IELTS speaking vocabulary is because you may use them in your spare time and acquire new vocabulary words right immediately. It helps save time, and it doesn’t even have to be included in your schedule because learning through these apps takes less time.

Use YouTube 

We always use YouTube for enjoyment, and this should go without saying that there are hundreds of videos on the platform that teach English. And each of these channels also discusses various academic vocabulary and how to pronounce them, as well as how to utilise them in a sentence or phrase with examples.

It’s not simple to learn 2000 complex words that are required for your IELTS writing vocabulary, and you can end up memorising them. In the end, it may be of no use if you learn words but are unable to use them appropriately while speaking or writing.

You simply need to acquire 100 to 200 new vocabulary words in order to learn them adequately.

Don’t Memorize 

We can use a word in a variety of settings that do not all mean the same thing.

The rationale is simple: while learning a word is straightforward, the same term may not always have the same precise meaning. The simplest approach to grasp this is to be familiar with homophones, which are words which have the same spelling and sound but various meanings.

Read Newspapers

Reading is the finest habit for learning new words, and it will also assist you enhance your speaking skills for IELTS. You can access articles on a daily or weekly basis by subscribing to a daily or weekly paper offline or online.

While reading articles, make a note of any academic terms you are unfamiliar with, and pay close attention if you learn of a new method to use a word. This will assist you with writing on several IELTS topics. Then look up the definition of the term in your dictionary and note down in your notebook. Learn the terms that have been highlighted and review them once or twice a week.

Keep a Dictionary

Keeping a tiny pocket-sized dictionary with you is a frequent approach to learning terminology for the IELTS test. If you’ve never taken the time to study new vocabulary words in this way before, now is the time to start. You can learn words from your dictionary in two ways. You can consult it whenever you come across a new term and look up its definition in a dictionary.

Listen to Audios & Watch Videos

Listening to others use a new word is the best method to learn how to use it yourself. As a result, you may watch television shows, news networks, movies, Youtube clips, group chats, and talk shows, among other things. You can also listen to audio files like podcasts, songs, radio stations, and so on.

Furthermore, you might decide to watch or listen to things that interest you so that you do not become bored and abandon your objective to learn language.

Chapter 3

Vocabulary Topics for IELTS

Here is a set of topics with plenty of words and phrases which will help you score good in your IELTS exam, especially in Writing and Speaking Tasks.

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  • A lifelong friend 
  • A relationship of trust 
  • Arrange a dinner date
  • A shoulder to cry on
  • Close knit family 
  • Dear to my heart 
  • Distant cousins 
  • Extend the hand of friendship 
  • Extended family 
  • Face to face 
  • Get to know one another 
  • Get together 
  • Immediate family
  • Long lost friend
  • Long-term relationships 
  • Nurture our friendships 
  • Professional relationships 
  • Relationship problems 
  • Share a common background 
  • Share the same ideas 
  • Stand the test of time 
  • Struck up a friendship 
  • To enjoy someone’s company 
  • To have a good working relationship 
  • To have a lot in common 
  • To hit it off 
  • To keep in touch with 
  • To lose touch with 

Food Vocabulary

  • A balanced diet 
  • A bottle of bubbly 
  • A decadent chocolate pudding 
  • A doggy bag 
  • A scrumptious meal
  • A sweet tooth
  • An English breakfast 
  • Calm the hunger pangs 
  • Candle lit dinner 
  • Covered in a rich sauce
  • Cut down on 
  • Daily consumption
  • Dying of hunger
  • Exotic meals 
  • Fine dining
  • Food preparation 
  • Food production 
  • Fussy eater 
  • Home cooked meals 
  • Homemade food

Travel Vocabulary

  • Affordable destinations
  • Affordable travel 
  • Around the world 
  • Arts and culture
  • Craft markets
  • Do as the locals do
  • Efficient public transport 
  • Exotic destinations 
  • Get around 
  • Guided tours 
  • Holiday brochures 
  • Holiday destination 
  • Long haul flights 
  • Lush rainforests 
  • Magnificent landscapes 
  • Make advance reservations 
  • Memorable experiences 
  • Off the beaten track 
  • Out of season 
  • Packaged deals


  • outskirts of large towns
  • factory emissions
  • toxic fumes
  • traffic jams
  • pollutants in foods
  • pesticides
  • chemical fertilizers
  • commute to work
  • Mantra
  • reuse and recycle
  • industrial waste is incinerated
  • facilities for recycling
  • education programme
  • consequences
  • campaign
  • scientists predict
  • disintegrate
  • microplastics
  • single-use applications
  • own- brand products
  • policy should be rolled out
  • documentaries


  • balanced diet
  • conscientious about my health
  • flavoursome and appealing
  • convenient take away
  • healthier eating habits
  • productive at work
  • processed meat
  • function successfully
  • tempted by diets
  • adopted a vegan diet
  • broad minded
  • Sceptical
  • over production of meat
  • Public service education message
  • Positive reinforcement

Student Life

  • Challenging
  • Day in, day out
  • Wide ranging
  • Undergraduate
  • Postgraduate
  • STEM subjects
  • Further education
  • Technical colleges
  • Vocational studies
  • Hands on training
  • To apply for a course
  • To get an (un)conditional offer
  • Halls of residence / student accommodation
  • Student union
  • A fresher 
  • An undergraduate 
  • A graduate
  • A graduation ceremony
  • To take a gap year
  • To drop out of university
  • Out of my depth
  • Seminar
  • Lecture theatre
  • Extensive research

Climate Change

  • The ravages of something
  • Hybrid car
  • Carbon footprint
  • Recycle
  • Growing season
  • Yields
  • Crops
  • Eco-conscious
  • Natural fertilizer
  • Chemical fertilizer
  • Contaminate
  • Groundwater
  • Vegetable scraps
  • Non-chemical compost
  • Organic
  • Commute
  • Solar panels
  • Household cleaning products
  • Environmentally conscious
  • Green lifestyle
  • Sustainable
  • Emulate
  • Conventional products
  • Energy saving
  • Fuel emissions
  • Food miles
  • Local food
  • Fossil fuels
  • Carbon monoxide

Social Media

  • Viral
  • Troll
  • Hater
  • Vlogger
  • Meme
  • Anonymity
  • DM
  • Emoji
  • Badger
  • Derogatory
  • Censor
  • Follow
  • Harass
  • Catfishing
  • Grooming
  • Influencer
  • Photoshop
  • Filters
  • Block
  • Scam


  • Clothes horse
  • Well put together
  • Pick up
  • Bargain price
  • Be up on the latest trends
  • Social media feed
  • In fashion
  • Replicate
  • Looks
  • Lower priced
  • A fraction of the cost
  • A (great) eye for something
  • Clothes rack
  • Shoe display
  • Level of attention
  • Luxury goods
  • High-end designers
  • Out of my price range
  • Incomparable
  • Over the top
  • Avant garde
  • Ambience
  • Unparalleled
  • Customer service
  • Top-notch
  • Blow money on something
  • Place pressure on
  • Stay current
  • Spoiled for choice
  • High street
  • Unfathomable
  • E-shops
  • Click of a button
  • At your doorstep
  • Superimposed
  • Frame
  • Digital imagery
  • Brick and mortar stores
  • Counterparts
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Is vocabulary all about tough words?

When you use words like ‘difficult’ or ‘complicated’ in your IELTS Academic or General Writing, it’s evident that the examiner will figure out that you’re trying to impress him or her. It appears strange, and your grade will decrease as a result. When it comes to the IELTS Speaking section, you stutter or keep on repeating the statement while looking for complex terms. This impacts your fluency, and you lose marks as a result.

You must, without a doubt, have a large vocabulary, but you must also know how to use it intelligently and effectively. Knowing a large number of words and putting them into your essay or utilising them in conversation with your examiner without considering their meaning will get you into problems.

Does accent matter in IELTS?

No, your accent won’t be a problem at all. So, don’t worry about it and give your best.


Essentially, learning English entails observing how English is used and using what you’ve learned to enhance your own English. Reading and listening can help you expand your vocabulary while also demonstrating how English is utilized. You can then apply what you’ve learned when writing and speaking English.

It’s also crucial to practice writing and speaking whenever you have the opportunity. Acquiring to write and speak English is similar to learning any other skill, such as baking or driving. Cooking is learned by doing it and being told how to improve; driving is learned by doing it and being told how to enhance. 

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